The SFA and Security Agreement, the result of the communiqué and declaration of principles, was approved on 27 November 2008 by the Iraqi cabinet and the Council of Representatives. On 4 December, the three-member Council of the Iraqi Presidency approved the CoR vote. When President Obama and Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri Al-Maliki meet on November 1, one of the main topics of discussion will be the Strategic Framework Agreement. The agreement, signed in 2008, provides the conditions for political, economic, cultural and security cooperation between the United States and Iraq. This document should serve as the basis for lasting relations between Iraq and the United States, in which the United States would work for peace, stability and democracy in Iraq. Although progress has been made in recent years, much of the self-reported U.S. activity in Iraq has been vague and uneven, and the United States has not overcome the main obstacles that Iraq faces today. The agreement, signed in 2008 by both the United States and Iraq, confirmed political, diplomatic, defence, security and cultural cooperation in the fields of economy, energy, health, technology and justice. However, Ahmed Jamal, spokesman for the Iraqi Foreign Ministry, told Al-Monitor: “What has been achieved is limited to a few security zones and the war on terror.” On 1 July 2008, Zebari stated that he had informed members of the Iraqi Parliament that, in accordance with the negotiated terms of the long-term security pact, US MPs no longer had immunity from Iraqi prosecution. U.S. State Department officials could not be immediately contacted to take a position, but Iraqi MP Mahmoud Othman said he attended the meeting and Iraqi officials were very pleased with the immunity agreement.

[19] On December 14, 2008, U.S. President George W. Bush signed the security pact with Iraq. On his fourth and final trip to Iraq, the president appeared with the Iraqi Prime Minister and said there was more to be done. [59] At the press conference on the signing of the pact[60] with Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki in his palace in the fortified green zone, President Bush dodged two shoes that were thrown at him from the public. The man who threw his shoes, Muntadhar al-Zaidi, an Iraqi journalist with the Egyptian television channel al-Baghdadia, was heard in Arabic: “It`s a farewell… Dirty dog! “When he threw away his first shoe, and when he threw away his second shoe, we hear al-Zaidi shouting: “It`s for the widows, the orphans and those who were killed in Iraq! [61] As he was glued to the ground by the security forces, he shouted, “You killed the Iraqis! [62] When the man`s cries were heard outside, Bush said, “It`s what people in a free society do that draw attention to themselves.” Continued security gains and increased capacity and confidence of the Iraqi government and security forces are reasons why the United States and Iraqis have been able to negotiate these agreements. These two agreements protect American interests in the Middle East, help the Iraqi people to remain alone and strengthen Iraqi sovereignty.

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